Publication Ethicsand publication malpractice statements:
Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statements are based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (developed by COPE). Our journals follow the ICMJE's Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. In addition we adhere to the standards on scholarly publishing as per the US NIH notice NOT-OD-18-011.
Author conflicts of interest:
European Publishing is proud to adhere to the ICMJE guidelines and requires authors to declare all competing interests in relation to their work. Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. The ICMJE has developed a Form for Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest to facilitate and standardize authors’ disclosures. Our journals are proud to adhere to the ICMJE guidelines and prior to publication of a manuscript all authors will have to provide an individual ICMJE form for that respective manuscript. The final manuscript pdf will include an author statement on the conflicts of interest of the co-authors as reported in the ICMJE form provided to the Journal Editorial Office.
All research submitted for publication, must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, (as revised in 2013) and as per Good Clinical Practice.
For all research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study should be obtained from participants or their guardian in the case of children. Identifying information of any form will not be published unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or guardian) gives written informed consent on its publication. Should a manuscript report on research that provides any material that should need informed consent then an ad hoc "Statement of Informed consent" will be published in the pdf of the article alongside the ICMJE Conflict of Interest Statement in the final published manuscript.
When reporting on experiments on animals the authors should indicate which institutional and national standards for care and use of laboratory animals were followed. Should a manuscript report on research that has been performed with animal subjects then an ad hoc "Statement of Animal Rights" will be published in the published manuscript alongside the ICMJE Conflict of Interest Statement.
All research must have been approved by an appropriate research ethics committee or institutional review board (IRB). The Editors will seek assurances that all research has been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and ethics approval numbers will be requested.
European Publishing investigates into all cases of publication misconduct and as a member of CrossCheck’s plagiarism detection initiative it uses plagiarism detection software (Ithenticate) for all manuscripts that it publishes. The software checks submissions against millions of published research papers, documents on the web, and other relevant sources. If plagiarism or misconduct is found, immediate actions will be taken, including but not limited to the retraction of the article and publication of a retraction notice.
Corrections & Retractions:
Should authors or reviewers identify an error in a manuscript, a correction letter will be published indicating where the mistakes were made. ICMJE guidelines for corrections are followed in this case. For articles in which a retraction is necessary the COPE Guidelines for Retracting Articles will be adhered to. When faced with suspected misconduct the editors are advised to follow the relevant COPE Flowcharts.
If any authors are unhappy with the decision on their article they may appeal to the Editorial Office giving a reason why they feel the decision was incorrect. Any appeal will be reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief(s) and a final decision will be made. Please note that authors may only appeal once.
Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct:
Both European Publishing and the Editors of the journals within our portfolio take affirmative action to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. In the event that the journal's publisher or editors are made aware of any allegation of research misconduct relating to a published article in their journal - COPE's guidelines will be followed when dealing with allegations.
Handling of conflicts with the tobacco industry:
We have a “no tolerance” policy on tobacco industry research and hence any research, commentary or review funded either directly or indirectly by the tobacco industry or by any of its subsidiary, societies, agencies or individuals associated with the industry are ineligible to be considered for publication in our journals.